Wednesday, June 26, 2013

1306.5893 (E. Antonello et al.)

Prehistoric sanctuaries in Daunia    [PDF]

E. Antonello, V. F. Polcaro, A. M. Tunzi, M. Lo Zupone
Daunia is a region in northern Apulia with many interesting archaeological sites, particularly of the Neolithic and Bronze Age. Beginning from the fifth millennium BC, the farmers living in the wide plain of Daunia dug hypogea and holes in sites that could be considered prehistoric sanctuaries. The characteristics of the rows of holes indicate a ritual use, and the archaeologists tend to exclude other applications, such as post holes and cultivations. The rows have possibly an astronomical orientation, and in the sanctuary discovered near Ordona, some stars of the Centaurus-Crux group (may be alpha Centauri itself) could have been used as targets. In past centuries, astronomers and scholars have remarked this spectacular region of the sky, and its possible relevance for the ancient civilizations was pointed out for example by G.V. Schiaparelli in 1903. In his work on the astronomy in the Old Testament, he mentioned in particular the observations of the astronomer W.S. Jacob and of other scholars. It would be probably worth to make simulations in order to reproduce the 'Jacob effect', that is the diffused light (a sort of faint twilight) produced by such very rich stellar region of the sky.
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