Wednesday, June 26, 2013

1306.5755 (Assaf Horesh et al.)

PTF12gzk - A Rapidly Declining, High-Velocity Type Ic Radio Supernova    [PDF]

Assaf Horesh, Shrinivas R. Kulkarni, Alessandra Corsi, Dale A. Frail, S. Bradley Cenko, Sagi Ben-Ami, Avishay Gal-Yam, Ofer Yaron, Iair Arcavi, Mansi M. Kasliwal, Eran O. Ofek
Only a few cases of type Ic supernovae (SNe) with high-velocity ejecta have been discovered and studied. Here we present our analysis of radio and X-ray observations of a Type Ic SN, PTF12gzk. The radio emission rapidly declined less than 10 days after explosion, suggesting SN ejecta expanding at high velocity (~0.3c). The radio data also indicate that the density of the circumstellar material (CSM) around the supernova is lower by a factor of ~10 than the CSM around normal Type Ic SNe. Our observations of this rapidly declining radio SN at a distance of 58 Mpc demonstrates the potential to detect many additional radio SNe, given the new capabilities of the VLA (improved sensitivity and dynamic scheduling), that are currently missed, leading to a biased view of radio SNe Ic. Early optical discovery followed by rapid radio observations would provide a full description of the ejecta velocity distribution and CSM densities around stripped massive star explosions, as well as strong clues about the nature of their progenitor stars.
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