Tuesday, July 9, 2013

1307.1747 (Masahiro N. Machida et al.)

Conditions for Circumstellar Disk Formation: Effects of Initial Conditions and Sink Treatment    [PDF]

Masahiro N. Machida, Shu-ichiro Inutsuka, Tomoaki Matsumoto
The formation of a circumstellar disk in collapsing cloud cores is investigated with three-dimensional magnetohydrodynamic simulations. We prepare four types of initial cloud having different density profiles and calculate their evolution with or without a sink. To investigate the effect of magnetic dissipation on disk formation, the Ohmic dissipation is considered in some models. Calculations show that disk formation is very sensitive to both the initial cloud configuration and the sink treatment. The disk size considerably differs in clouds with different density profiles even when the initial clouds have almost the same mass-to-flux ratio. Only a very small disk (\sim 10 AU in size) appears in clouds with a uniform density profile, whereas a large disk (\sim 100 AU in size) forms in clouds with a Bonnor-Ebert density profile. In addition, a large sink accretion radius numerically impedes disk formation during the main accretion phase and tends to foster the misleading notion that disk formation is completely suppressed by magnetic braking. The protostellar outflow is also greatly affected by the sink properties. A sink accretion radius of \lesssim 1 AU and sink threshold density of \gtrsim 10^ 13 cm^-3 are necessary for investigating disk formation during the main accretion phase.
View original: http://arxiv.org/abs/1307.1747

No comments:

Post a Comment