Friday, July 26, 2013

1307.6651 (V. V. Pipin et al.)

Effects of anisotropy of turbulent convection in mean-field solar dynamo models    [PDF]

V. V. Pipin, A. G. Kosovichev
We study how anisotropy of turbulent convection affects diffusion of large-scale magnetic fields and the dynamo process on the Sun. The effect of anisotropy is calculated in a mean-field magneto-hydrodynamics framework using the minimal $\tau$-approximation. We examine two types of mean-field dynamo models: the well-known benchmark flux-transport model, and a distributed-dynamo model with the subsurface rotational shear layer. For both models we investigate effects of the double-cell meridional circulation, recently suggested by helioseismology. We introduce a parameter of anisotropy as a ratio of the radial and horizontal intensity of turbulent mixing, to characterize the anisotropy effects. It is found that the anisotropy of turbulent convection affects the distribution of magnetic fields inside the convection zone. The concentration of the magnetic flux near the bottom and top boundaries of the convection zone is greater when the anisotropy is stronger. It is shown that the critical dynamo number and the dynamo period approach to constant values for the large anisotropy parameter. The anisotropy reduces the overlap of the toroidal fields of subsequent cycles in the time-latitude ``butterfly' diagram. If we assume that sunspots are formed in the vicinity of the subsurface shear layer, then the distributed dynamo model with anisotropic diffusivity satisfies the observational constraints from heloseismology results and is consistent with the value of effective turbulent diffusion, estimated from the dynamics of surface magnetic fields.
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