Wednesday, July 24, 2013

1307.6098 (Yuandeng Shen et al.)

Diffraction, Refraction, and Reflection of An Extreme-Ultraviolet Wave Observed during Its Interactions with Remote Active Regions    [PDF]

Yuandeng Shen, Yu Liu, Jiangtao Su, Hui Li, Ruijuan Zhao, Zhanjun Tian, Kiyoshi Ichimoto, Kazunari Shibata
We present observations of the diffraction, refraction, and reflection of a global extreme-ultraviolet (EUV) wave propagating in the solar corona. These intriguing phenomena are observed when the wave interacts with two remote active regions, and they together exhibit the wave property of this EUV wave. When the wave approached AR11465, it became weaker and finally disappeared in the active region, but a few minutes latter a new wavefront appeared behind the active region, and it was not concentric with the incoming wave. In addition, a reflected wave was also observed simultaneously on the wave incoming side. When the wave approached AR11459, it transmitted through the active region directly and without reflection. The formation of the new wavefront and the transmission could be explained with diffraction and refraction effects, respectively. We propose that the different behaviors observed during the interactions may caused by different speed gradients at the boundaries of the two active regions. For the origin of the EUV wave, we find that it formed ahead of a group of expanding loops a few minutes after the start of the loops' expansion, which represents the initiation of the associated coronal mass ejection (CME). Based on these results, we conclude that the EUV wave should be a nonlinear magnetosonic wave or shock driven by the associated CME, which propagated faster than the ambient fast-mode speed and gradually slowed down to an ordinary linear wave. Our observations support the hybrid model that includes both fast wave and slow non-wave components.
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