Tuesday, July 23, 2013

1307.5751 (Soumitra Hazra et al.)

A Stochastically Forced Time Delay Solar Dynamo Model: Self-Consistent Recovery from a Maunder-like Grand Minimum Necessitates a Mean-Field Alpha Effect    [PDF]

Soumitra Hazra, Dário Passos, Dibyendu Nandy
Fluctuations in the Sun's magnetic activity, including episodes of grand minima such as the Maunder minimum have important consequences for space and planetary environments. However, the underlying dynamics of such extreme fluctuations remain ill-understood. Here we use a novel mathematical model based on stochastically forced, non-linear delay differential equations to study solar cycle fluctuations, in which, time delays capture the physics of magnetic flux transport between spatially segregated dynamo source regions in the solar interior. Using this model we explicitly demonstrate that the Babcock-Leighton poloidal field source based on dispersal of tilted bipolar sunspot flux, alone, can not recover the sunspot cycle from a grand minimum. We find that an additional poloidal field source effective on weak fields--the mean-field alpha-effect driven by helical turbulence--is necessary for self-consistent recovery of the sunspot cycle from grand minima episodes.
View original: http://arxiv.org/abs/1307.5751

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