Tuesday, July 23, 2013

1307.5374 (Y. Muraki et al.)

Solar Activity during Two Millennia as Estimated from Annual Tree Rings    [PDF]

Y. Muraki, T. Mitsutani, S. Kuramata, K. Masuda, K. Nagaya, S. Shibata
The relationship between solar activity and the global climate is not only an academically interesting issue, but also an important problem for human beings. Lean and Rind have analyzed a considerable amount of climate data from around the world from 1889 to 2006. According to their analysis, the global effect was estimated to be 0.17 plus-minus 0.01K between the solar maximum and minimum. However, they noticed that the effect strongly appeared in the zones between 70N and 30N, and between 25S and 50S. At its peak latitude (near 40), the effect was estimated to be 0.5 K. Therefore, we analyzed a tree that survived at the Murooji temple in Nara prefecture (34d32mN, 136d2mE) Japan, for 391 years. Quite surprisingly, Fourier analysis of the annual growth rate identified two cycles with periodicities of 12 and 25 years during the Maunder minimum. We have continued the analysis, using different samples from the Nagusa shrine in Hyogo Prefecture, Itayanagi City, Aomori Prefecture, Japan, and from Yaku Island in Kyusyu, Japan. An evidence of solar activity was found in all of the samples. In particular, we have discovered a correlation between Swiss glacier fluctuation and the growth rate of the Yaku tree ring.
View original: http://arxiv.org/abs/1307.5374

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