Monday, July 15, 2013

1307.3414 (Belén López Martí et al.)

Proper motions of young stars in Chamaeleon. II. New kinematical candidate members of Chamaeleon I and II    [PDF]

Belén López Martí, Francisco Jiménez Esteban, Amelia Bayo, David Barrado, Enrique Solano, Hervé Bouy, Carlos Rodrigo
The Chamaeleon star-forming region has been extensively studied in the last decades. However, most studies have been confined to the densest parts of the clouds. In a previous paper, we analysed the kinematical properties of the spectroscopically confirmed population of the Chamaeleon I and II clouds. We now report on a search for new kinematical candidate members to the Chamaeleon I and II moving groups using available information from public databases and catalogues. Our candidates were initially selected in an area of 3 deg around each cloud on the basis of proper motions and colours from the UCAC4 Catalog. The SEDs of the objects were constructed using photometry retrieved from the Virtual Observatory and other resources, and fitted to models of stellar photospheres to derive effective temperatures, gravity values, and luminosities. Masses and ages were estimated by comparison with theoretical evolutionary tracks in a Hertzprung-Russell diagram. We have identified 51 and 14 candidate members to the Chamaeleon I and II moving groups, respectively, of which 17 and 1, respectively, are classified as probable young stars (ages < 20 Myr) according to our analysis. Another object in Chamaeleon I located slightly above the 1 Myr isochrone is classified as a possible young star. All these objects are diskless stars with masses in the range 0.3M-1.4MSun, and ages consistent with those reported for the corresponding confirmed members. They tend to be located at the boundaries of or outside the dark clouds, preferably to the north-east and south-east in the case of Chamaeleon I, and to the north-east in the case of Chamaeleon II. We conclude that the kinematical population of Chamaeleon I and II could be larger and spread over a larger area of the sky than suggested by previous studies.
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