Tuesday, March 5, 2013

1303.0265 (P. Lesaffre et al.)

A two-dimensional mixing length theory of convective transport    [PDF]

P. Lesaffre, S. M. Chitre, A. T. Potter, C. A. Tout
The helioseismic observations of the internal rotation profile of the Sun raise questions about the two-dimensional (2D) nature of the transport of angular momentum in stars. Here we derive a convective prescription for axisymmetric (2D) stellar evolution models. We describe the small scale motions by a spectrum of unstable linear modes in a Boussinesq fluid. Our saturation prescription makes use of the angular dependence of the linear dispersion relation to estimate the anisotropy of convective velocities. We are then able to provide closed form expressions for the thermal and angular momentum fluxes with only one free parameter, the mixing length. We illustrate our prescription for slow rotation, to first order in the rotation rate. In this limit, the thermodynamical variables are spherically symetric, while the angular momentum depends both on radius and latitude. We obtain a closed set of equations for stellar evolution, with a self-consistent description for the transport of angular momentum in convective regions. We derive the linear coefficients which link the angular momentum flux to the rotation rate ($\Lambda$- effect) and its gradient ($\alpha$-effect). We compare our results to former relevant numerical work.
View original: http://arxiv.org/abs/1303.0265

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