Wednesday, January 16, 2013

1301.3280 (N. Lodieu et al.)

GTC OSIRIS z-band imaging of Y dwarfs    [PDF]

N. Lodieu, V. J. S. Bejar, R. Rebolo
The aim of the project is to contribute to the characterisation of the spectral energy distribution of the coolest brown dwarfs discovered to date, the Y dwarfs. We obtained z-band far-red imaging for six Y dwarfs and a T9+Y0 binary with the OSIRIS (Optical System for Imaging and low Resolution Integrated Spectroscopy) instrument on the 10.4-m Gran Telescopio de Canarias (GTC). We detect five of the seven known Y dwarfs in the $z$-band, infer their optical-to-infrared colours, and measure their proper motions. We find a higher dispersion in the z-J and z-H colours of Y0 dwarfs than in T dwarfs. This dispersion is found to be correlated with H-w2. The high dispersion in the optical-to-infrared colours of Y dwarfs and the possible turn-over towards bluer colours may be a consequence of the presence of sulfide clouds with different thicknesses, the depletion of alcalines, and/or gravity effects.
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